Manifesting itself in the form of whiteheads, pimples and pustules, Acne wrecks the beautiful skin of poor victims undergoing their adolescent years!
Almost no one can be spared!
9 out of 10 people will experience some form of ACNE in their teenage years!
but what on earth causes Acne? There are many different changes in our skin that can cause Acne… but the most important factor is the increase in Sebum production.
Sebum is an oily secretion that serves to help to reduce water loss of skin (keeps skin moisturised) and exert a slight antiseptic effect.
However during puberty, the increase in sex hormones can lead to a rise in sebum production.
Bacteria that thrive on sebum, especially Propionibacterium Acnes, produce irritant chemicals that enter the dermis layer of the skin and induces an inflammatory response, causing white blood cells to swarm to the scene. Swelling occurs and pus-filled zits form as a result!
In addition, the Sebum can be trapped amongst hair follicles or sebaceous gland ducts and allow bacteria to grow, causing further inflammation.
Acne treatment can curb the skin disorder in different ways. Some eliminate the Propionibacterium Acnes bacteria that is producing the irritant chemicals. And other medicinal compounds reduce the amount of sebum in the skin.
Over-the-counter medications can contain active ingredients like salicylic acid or triclosan which have an antiseptic effect as well as other ingredients to dissolve trapped sebum that causes blockage of pores.
Severe Acne however, would require doctors to administer stronger medicine, some with with greater side-effects such as Isotretinoin which may cause dry skin, sore eyes or nose bleeds.
Fortunately, after celebrating the 20th birthday, for the vast majority of people, sebum production will decrease and alleviate the Acne problem.